Evidence & Standards

Evidence for CHFFF

CHFFF was evaluated in low-income youth participating in EFNEP and SNAP-Ed during 2013–2015 using the federal EFNEP 3rd-5th and 6th-8th grade pre-post surveys, along with 2 sets of added CHFFF-specific items completed by subsamples of the 3rd-5th graders. Educators trained in CHFFF had youth complete the surveys as they delivered the curriculum, primarily in schools and after-school programs. Paired t tests showed significant (P < .01) positive changes before to after CHFFF education for consumption of vegetables, fruits, sweetened drinks, nutrition label reading, tasting new foods, and other food and activity behaviors, providing practice-based evidence that CHFFF promotes positive behavior change in participating youth.


Wolfe WS, Scott-Pierce M, Dollahite J. Choose Health: Food, Fun, and Fitness youth curriculum promotes positive behaviors. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2018; 50(9):924-930.

Wolfe WS. Choose Health: Food, Fun, and Fitness, an experiential youth curriculum that promotes healthy eating and active play. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2018; 50(10):1053-1055.

In addition, a separate quasi-experimental study of 561 youth participating in CHFFF through EFNEP showed significant improvements in overall diet quality, vegetable and fruit intake, soda and fast food intake and intent, and the frequency with which they read Nutrition Facts labels, shared about healthy eating with their family, and tried a new food (in press).

How CHFFF Meets Educational Standards